About 14 percent of Ghana’s population is comprised of children younger than 5 years old. Around 70 percent of these children live in poor rural communities. There are also approximately 1.1 million orphans in the country.
Ghana’s levels of poverty are very high, with 30 percent living on less than $1 a day and 54 percent living on less than $2 a day.
Many health professionals have left Ghana for better paying jobs in other countries because of low funding, weakening the quality of healthcare.
Ghana is divided into 10 administrative regions and 110 district assemblies. The Regions are: Greater Accra, Eastern, Western, Central, Volta, Brong Ahafo, Ashanti, Northern, Upper East and Upper West.
Climate: Tropical. Temperatures are generally between 21 and 32 degrees Celcius. It is usually breezy and sunny. In the South, there are two rainy seasons, from March to July and from September to October, separated by a short dry season in August and a relatively long dry season from mid-October to March. The north has only one rainy season, that is, from July to September.
It is hot and humid in the southwest, with annual rainfall averaging 2,030mm. The extreme southwest, around Axim, records the heaviest rainfall. The southeast coast is warm and comparatively dry; the north is hot and dry.
Ghana has about 550 kilometres of coastline of sandy beaches. The vegetation of coastal plains give way to tropical forest at the centre while the north is savannah.
Workforce: Basically an agricultural country. Agriculture accounts for about 45 per cent of Gross Domestic Product and employs about 60 per cent of labour force.
The Three Norhern Regions, namely Upper East, Upper West and Northern Region are the poorest in the country. These areas are also characterized by high levels of illiteracy, a fertile ground for human rights abuses. Many traditional practices such as female genital mutilation, punitive widowhood rites, food taboos, projecting women as inferior, forced marriages, child marriage, child fostering and other forms of gender based violence tend to cause physical, emotional and sexual damage to women. Low legal literacy has also created a culture of human rights abuses, impunity and low accountability among state institutions and perpetrators.
The situation of marginalised groups such as PWDs, Orphans and Vulnerable Children, PLWHAs and women is precarious as the prevailing culture does not promote equity and inclusiveness across the various spheres of life. They suffer discrimination in many forms.
Pressure on the environment for livelihood purposes have led to the wanton destruction of the forest, land, water bodies and environmental degradation in general, perpetuating the cycle of poverty.
There is a huge threat to the rich biodiversity in the few forest and wildlife reserves in the eastern and western wildlife corridors of the region which stretches from the Nazinga Game Reserve in Burkina Faso to the Mole National Park in Damongo, Northern Ghana.